ANALISIS LOGAM BERAT (Mn, Fe , Cd), SIANIDA DAN NITRIT PADA AIR ASAM TAMBANG BATU BARA

Kiswanto Kiswanto, Wintah Wintah, Nur Laila Rahayu

Abstrak


Coal mining of PT. Mifa Brothers in Aceh Barat produces liquid waste containing hazardous heavy metals. Research conducted at PT. Mifa Brothers located in Sumber Batu Village, Meureubo Subdistrict, West Aceh Regency, Aceh Province. The coal mining activities by the PT. Mifa Brothers used open-cast mining systems with open method. From the resulting liquid waste, the PT. Mifa Brothers made two ponds used as liquid waste treatment. Efficiency of Sewage Treatment Plant (STP or IPAL) conducted by the industry, can be known through the analysis of he avy metals content (Fe, Mn and Cd), cyanide and nitrite on inlet and outlet of liquid waste shelter. This
analysis was determined using the atomic absorption Spectropotemer (SSA) for metal Fe, Mn and Cd, while CN-and NO2-analysis-using UV-Vis spectrophotometry methods. Test result of heavy metal ions of iron ion, manganese ions, cadmium ions, nitrite, and cyanide on each inlet is 8.24; 0.223; < 0.01; 0.034 mg/L and 0.321 on each outlet are 3.03; 0.189; < 0.01 mg/L; 0,016 and undetectable for cyanide. Sewage treatment at PT. Mifa Brothers using Dolomite method as adsorbent has not been efficient and efficient in the reduction of pollutant levels.

Keywords : SSA, UV-Vis spectrophotometry, Inlet and outlet, Fe, Mn, Cd,NO2, CN-

Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi


Dimkic, Heinz-Jurgen, Michael. 2008.

Groundwater Management in Large

River Basin. Iwa Publishing. London

Dinas Pertambangan dan Energi Kabupaten

Kuantan Singingi. 2008. Pemberian

Kuasa Pertambangan Ekspolrasi kepada

PT. Tri Bakti Sarimas. Pemerintah

Kabupaten Kuantan Singingi.

Effendi, H. 2003. Telaah Kualitas Air.

Penerbit Kanisius. Yogyakarta.

Kementerian Energi dan Sumberdaya Mineral,

Hand Book of Energy and

Economic Statistics of Indonesia 2012. Jakarta: Pusat Data dan Informasi

Kementerian Energi dan Sumberdaya

Mineral (PUSDATIN ESDM).

JICA : Water Supply Engineering Vol. I.

Edited by Japan Water Work

Association.1990

Keputusan Menteri Lingkungan Hidup No. 113

Tahun 2003 Tentang Baku Mutu Limbah

Cair Penambangan Batubara.

Keputusan Menteri Negara Lingkungan Hidup

Nomor : Kep-51/Menlh/10/1995 Tentang

Baku Mutu Limbah Cair Bagi Kegiatan

Industri

Kiswanto, Heru Susanto, Sudarno. 2018.

Karakteristik Air Asam Batubara Di

Kolam Bekas Tambang Batubara PT.

Bukit Asam (PTBA). Seminar dan

Konferensi Nasional IDEC 2018

Surakarta, 7-8 Mei 2018.ISSN: 2579-6429

Marganingrum, D. 2010.Pencemaran air dan

tanah di kawasan pertambangan batubara

di PT. Berau Coal, Kalimantan Timur.

Jurnal Riset Geologi dan Pertambangan

: 11-20.

Margareth. E. K. Purba. 2009. Analisa Kadar

Total Suspended Solid (TSS), Amoniak

(NH3), Sianida (CN-) dan Sulfida (S2-)

Pada Limbah Cair Bapedaldasu. Medan:

Departemen Kimia Program Studi Diploma-3 Kimia Analis Fakultas

Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

Universitas Sumatera Utara.

Ridinata, A. 2012. Analisis Kontribusi Logam

(Pb, Mn), Nitrat dan Sulfat Dari Limbah

Tambang Batubara pada Badan Air

Sungai Pendulangan Desa Pangkalan

Kuansing. Skripsi. Jurusan Kimia

FMIPA-UR, Pekanbaru.

Said Nusa Idaman. 2005. Metoda

Penghilangan Zat Besi Dan Mangan Di

Dalam Penyediaan Air Minum Domestik.

JAI Vol. 1 , No.3 page . 239-250.

Susena, R. 2011. Ketersediaan Cd, gejala

toksisitas dan pertumbuhan 3 spesies

brassicaceae pada media gambut yang

dikontaminasi kadmium (cd). Jurnal tek.

perkebunan & psdl. 1: 9-16.

Tripathi, S. M. 2003. Human Ecology and

Social Consciousness. Hard Bourd

English. ISBN-13 978-8187746751.

Vaiopoulou, Eleni., Melidis, Paris.,Aivasidis,

Alexander. 2005. Sulfide Removal in

Wastewater from Petrochemical

Industries by Autotropic Denitrification.

Journal of Water Research 29,4101-4109.

Wang, Y., Xia H., Fu, J. Sheng, G. 2004.

Science of the Total Environment 328

(2004) 195–206


Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.